w888:w888,But,now,the,deserved,curs:I am But now, the deserved, cursed pump, and Su Hao's perfect mechanical common sense allegedly followed him Part 1: Cultural Differences in International Business Etiquette Analysis of Cultural Differences in International Business Etiquet
But now, the deserved, cursed pump, and Su Hao's perfect mechanical common sense allegedly followed him
Part 1: Cultural Differences in International Business Etiquette Analysis of Cultural Differences in International Business Etiquette Abstract: The definition and classification of culture in academic circles are not the same.
However, not every classification is suitable for analyzing cultural differences from the perspective of international business etiquette. Therefore, this paper first selects an appropriate cultural classification method and uses it as a starting point to analyze the cultural differences in international business etiquette.
Due to the diversity and complexity of cultural differences among countries, this paper only introduces a method of cultural difference analysis and its application in the analysis of cultural differences in international business etiquette.
As for the analysis of the differences between the two cultures, separate and detailed discussions are needed, and this article does not cover them.
Keywords: international business etiquette culture differences I. The relationship between culture and international business etiquette 1. Definition of culture According to statistics, there are at least two hundred different definitions of 'culture'.
The author tends to define such a broad sense of culture, focusing on the essential difference between humans and animals, human society and nature, focusing on the unique way of life in which human beings stand out in nature; narrow cultures, excluding human society. Part of historical life about material creation activities and their outcomes, focusing on spiritual creation activities and their outcomes.
The culture discussed below refers to the narrow sense of culture, that is, the creative activities of the spiritual level and their results. 2. Classification of culture There are also many types of culture classification. The authors believe that the following classification methods are suitable for analyzing cultural differences in international business etiquette. The culture is divided into three levels: high culture, including philosophy, literature, art, religion, etc.; popular culture refers to customs, rituals, and lifestyles including clothing, food, housing, and interpersonal relationships; deep culture, mainly refers to the definition of beauty and ugliness of values. Time orientation, pace of life, ways to solve problems, and personal roles related to gender, class, occupation, and kinship.
Both high culture and popular culture are rooted in deep culture, and a concept of deep culture is reflected in popular culture in a custom or lifestyle, and is reflected in high culture in an art form or literary theme.
3. The relationship between culture and business etiquette.
Business etiquette belongs to popular culture and is determined by deep culture and reflects deep culture in a custom or communicative manner.
Second, the method of cultural difference analysis There are two methods for representative cultural differences analysis, Stout Burke architecture and Hofstein architecture.
The author believes that the Stoutbock architecture has a good correspondence with the above cultural classification methods and is suitable for analyzing cultural differences in international business etiquette.
So, here is a brief introduction to the Stout Burke architecture. This architecture identifies six basic cultural dimensions: relationship to the environment, time orientation, human nature, activity orientation, responsibility centers, and spatial concepts.
1. Relationship with the environment: Do people succumb to the environment or maintain a harmonious relationship with the environment, or control the environment? Different countries have different answers to this.
In many Middle Eastern countries, people regard life as a destiny, and the United States, Canada and other countries believe that they can conquer and control nature.
And many national cultures are somewhere in between, taking a more neutral view. These different perceptions of the environment affect the organization's practical activities.
2. Time orientation: The orientation of time reflects whether long-term plans are widely adopted. For example, Western culture regards time as a scarce resource. Americans are concerned about the present and the near future. On the contrary, Japanese people are more concerned about the long-term, and the management system of Japanese companies' annual power sequence system reflects this difference. 3. The essence of human beings: Does culture regard people as good, evil or a mixture of the two? North Korea believes that the essence of man is very evil.
North Americans tend to prefer between the two.
This affects the manager's main leadership style.
In a culture that emphasizes trust values, more laissez-faire leadership styles are used; in the environment of poor trust, strict management controls are emphasized. 4. Activity orientation: Some cultures emphasize work and emphasize achievements; while some cultures emphasize timely pleasure and emphasize enjoyment. There are also some emphasis on control, requiring yourself to stay away from matter and constrain your desires.
These aspects can profoundly affect how people treat work and life and entertainment, and how to make decisions. 5. Responsibility Center: This dimension has an important impact on the work design, decision-making methods, communication, etc. in the organization.
Americans are highly liberal, and responsibility is to take care of themselves; Malaysians and Israelis pay great attention to groups and value group harmony, unity and loyalty; British and French people rely on hierarchical order. 6. Space concept: This reflects the openness of culture. Different attitudes in space reflect whether people emphasize privacy, mixed or open, which has a significant impact on organizational management such as job design and communication. Third, the three aspects of cultural differences in international business. In terms of international business etiquette, not every dimension is important in the Clarkton-Stottberg architecture.
The author believes that there are three aspects that need attention: 1. The difference in time and appearance is reflected in the international business etiquette, which mainly leads to the difference in the way of fulfilling the business agreement between the two parties: whether the two parties will make an appointment or not, Grasp (early, punctual or late).
2, the difference in activity orientation will profoundly affect how people treat work and life and entertainment and how to make decisions. For example, when the two sides conduct business cooperation, they are beginning to see the mountain, quick-fixing or first to cultivate feelings and trust.
3, space concept difference space concept mainly affects the content and skills of the two sides of communication.
Different spatial attitudes reflect the extent to which people emphasize privacy. Grasping the distance between the two parties contributes to the smooth and final success of business communication. IV. Conclusion International business etiquette reflects cultural differences across regions, and this cultural diversity is diverse and cannot be discussed in detail in this article. In the analysis of the cultural differences in international business etiquette using the Clarke-Stottberg architecture, the authors found that this method of analysis does not fully reflect all aspects of cultural differences in different regions. The analytical level of Stoutbeck's architecture is limited to the analysis of deep culture, which should be caused by his different definitions of the concept of 'culture.'
According to the classification of culture in this article, cultural differences should also include popular culture, including customs, rituals, and lifestyles including food, clothing, housing, and interpersonal relationships.
Therefore, when analyzing cultural differences in international business etiquette, at least: 1. Differences in communication methods. This should include language and non-verbal communication methods 2, food culture differences. This should include food differences and table manners.
3, religious or ethnic customs taboos and encouragement. This taboo and encouragement also permeates all aspects of life, such as food culture and communication. Chapter 2: Cultural Differences in International Business Etiquette Cultural Differences in International Business Etiquette Mechanical and Electrical Engineering College Mechanical Engineering No.: 0008161 Name: Lu Su Class Time: Monday, Thursday, with the improvement of China's overall national strength and rapid economic development, All aspects of China are in line with international standards.
Especially in the growing number of international interactions, it is increasingly important to face the differences in the etiquette of social interaction between countries. For individuals, etiquette is the external manifestation of their ideological and moral level, cultural accomplishment and communicative ability. For a society, etiquette is a reflection of a country's social civilization procedures, moral customs and living habits.
The ancients 'the rites are respectful.' Etiquette is a kind of behavioral norm that treats people and is also the art of communication.
It is formed by people in social interactions due to historical traditions, customs, religious beliefs, trends of the times, etc., which are recognized by people and adhered to by people, and are aimed at establishing harmonious relations. The sum of the code of conduct and norms that meet the requirements of the interaction.
Etiquette is an important means of shaping the image. It is customary in people's lives and social interactions. People can correctly grasp the scale of interpersonal communication with the outside world according to various etiquette norms, and properly handle the relationship between people and people.
Without these ceremonial norms, people often feel overwhelmed and even rude in their interactions, so we must be familiar with and master the etiquette, so that people can be just right.
In social activities, talking about etiquette in conversation can make us more civilized; ceremonies in our manners can make us more elegant; dressing in etiquette can make us generous... In short, etiquette Can make people full of charm. The differences in international business etiquette culture are roughly divided into the following points: First, the main differences between Chinese and Western table manners: 1. Differences in clothing. In China, people can dress casually in restaurants, even T-shirts and jeans, and only wear them on top of important banquets.
But in the high-end restaurants in the West, men wear neat tops and shoes; women wear suits and shoes.
Men must wear a tie if they are designated to wear formal clothing.
Do not wear casual clothes to eat in restaurants. 2. The difference in the position of sitting.
China is usually seated after the guest, and the seats are seated in order of length.
The seat is 'Shangdong is respected' and 'facing the door is respected.'
The West generally speaking, the seat farthest from the door facing the door is the hostess, as opposed to the seat of the male owner.
The seat on the right hand side of the hostess is the first main guest seat, usually Mr. Mr., the seat on the right side of the male owner is the second main guest seat, usually the wife of the guest.
Western countries are dominated by women, and they are gentlemanly.
3, the order of serving and the difference in the placement of food on the table. The first dish in China is soup, followed by staple foods such as dry rice, and then the last dish of table wine is fruit to promote digestion; in Western countries, the order of serving is usually first served and soup (appetizing appetizer), Fruit, table wine, staple food is finally dessert and coffee. When it comes to the placement of food on the table, Chinese food is a one-time meal, and everyone shares all the food.
In Western dining, everyone has their own set of cutlery, and the dishes are served after another meal. In terms of food requirements, China does not need guests to finish all the dishes. In the West, it is polite and respectful to the owner to eat their own food. 4, the difference in tableware: in China, the tableware is relatively simple, usually only cups, plates, bowls, dishes, chopsticks, spoons, etc., and the West has a knife and fork spoon cup, etc., the knife and fork will be subdivided into many. Teacups, coffee cups are made of porcelain and have small plates. The cups and glasses are mostly glassware.
5, indicating the difference in the method of stopping meals.
Temporarily stop the meal in the banquet, you can put the chopsticks directly on the plate or spoon. If you put the chopsticks on the plate, it means that you are no longer eating.
When there is something to rest in the West, the knife and fork are different in meaning. The knife and fork are placed in the shape of a figure in the center of the plate, which means a little rest; if the knife and fork protrudes out of the plate, it is unsafe and not good to talk. Waving the knife and fork is a rude move.
After dining, set the knife and fork to four o'clock. In addition to the basic differences between the Chinese and Western table manners, there are of course many subtle differences. These subtle differences, if not noticed, can cause misunderstandings and jokes. Second, the meeting greetings and the difference in the exchange of gifts for guests: 1, when the banquet meets, the Chinese are mainly shaking hands, while the West is embracing the ceremony. When introducing guests, the Chinese like to use the words of praise, and add a lot of subjective comments. However, Westerners believe that it is not necessary to comment on the guests when they introduce them. Any subjective comments have a strong feeling. The introduction mainly highlights the identity, education, etc. of the introduced person, and should not attach appearances and abstract comments. For example, when Chinese people meet, they like to ask: Where have you eaten? Foreigners like to ask: 'How are you?' If you meet, ask foreigners 'where to go', people will think that you need to understand the private affairs of others. It will be aversion to you. 2. Chinese people often use punctuality as a virtue. However, in foreign countries, especially the United States, it is common for guests who are invited to go to the house to be late for about 15 minutes, because it is necessary to give the host family enough time to prepare a dinner. 3. The difference in gift giving. Chinese people pay attention to the practical value of gifts, but also in the degree of attention to the price tag.
Westerners tend to focus on gift commemorative values. For example, welcoming guests at airports and train stations, or visiting patients at the hospital, and delivering a bouquet of flowers, is both natural and welcoming, regardless of the size of the bouquet.
Similarly, when you are banqueting Westerners, don't expect the other party to send a valuable gift. The most likely is the domestic wine, or some other small but commemorative small crafts. They travel abroad and often come back to buy some postcards for office colleagues or friends and family, sometimes giving a few pieces of chocolate. Therefore, what Westerners focus on is not the weight of the gift or the price of the gift, but the commemorative meaning of the gift. There is an old saying in China that 'a thousand miles to send goose feathers, courtesy and affectionate.
'The gift habits of Westerners truly embody this principle. 3. Differences in national and national culture: The fundamental reason for the differences between Chinese and Western ceremonies is the difference between Chinese and Western cultures, which makes people of all countries have completely different ethics. Standard system and values. In the performance of etiquette, the West focuses more on behavior and language; while Chinese etiquette in the long-term historical development process, not only the actor's language, the action itself has a discourse meaning, but also needs to In the language and actions of the actor, 'enlighten' something, and at the same time, it needs to be understood at the same time. The Eastern and Western civilizations are produced and developed under certain social and historical conditions, and there is no problem of superiority and inferiority.
Etiquette is a culture with vertical inheritance and horizontal learning and integration.
As the world's globalization continues to accelerate, in the context of the rapid economic and cultural collisions, Western culture has flooded into China, and traditional Chinese etiquette has been constantly impacted by Western ceremonial culture.
How to protect the traditional etiquette of the Chinese nation, to go to its dross, and to integrate reasonably and effectively with Western etiquette has become a topic that people continue to think and explore. The differences between Chinese and Western social etiquette are manifested in life, communication, business and other aspects. The root cause of these differences is the difference between Chinese and Western cultural environments. It is manifested in the difference in values, the difference in religious beliefs, the different concepts of human basic humanity, and so on.
With the influx of Western etiquette, we should integrate it with traditional Chinese etiquette, and don't blindly follow the trend and abandon our fine culture. Take the essence and go to its dross. In the face of the differences in etiquette between China and the West due to cultural differences, as a college student, we should clearly understand the differences between Chinese and foreign etiquette and the root causes of it, and at the same time, integrate the Chinese and Western etiquette culture. Rather than blindly keen on Western etiquette, it discards traditional Chinese etiquette and traps itself in the misunderstanding of etiquette.
Chapter 3: Cultural Differences between China and Foreign Countries and International Business Etiquette Chinese and Foreign Cultural Differences and International Business Etiquette Summary: Cultural differences will inevitably lead to behavioral differences, and different business etiquettes will be formed in different cultural environments. In international business activities, to achieve the goal of effective communication, we must understand international business etiquette from the perspective of cultural differences. This paper will analyze the differences in international business etiquette based on the differences between Chinese and Western cultures, and hope to have certain help for multinational business workers. Keywords: business etiquette culture differences international business culture differences will inevitably lead to behavioral differences, different business etiquette will be formed in different cultural environments.
In international business activities, to achieve the goal of effective communication, we must understand international business etiquette from the perspective of cultural differences and understand the differences in international business etiquette. In summary, the differences in business etiquette are mainly due to different values, time, diet and language habits in China and the West. This paper will analyze the differences in international business etiquette based on the differences between Chinese and Western cultures, and hope to have certain help for multinational business workers.
I. Value Differences In China's cultural concept, the value of life is often reflected in its social value. It always refers to individuals or self in social relations, denies individual self-subjectivity, and often means meaning in life. Linked to 'ecstasy' or 'sacrifice.'
It pursues a harmonious and stable ethical society of the group. Individuals can carry forward their individuality, but they cannot put themselves on the state and the collective. In the West, they advocate self-centered individualism. Values.
The individual is the core of society, and the subjective initiative and creativity of pursuing personal interests is the internal driving force of social progress. Therefore, personal interests should be placed above all else, self-interest and liberalism should be implemented, and individuals should satisfy their own material interests and spiritual enjoyment: Link address: http:///news/ Reprint, please keep, thank you !View more related content>>.
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