bet365 chat ao vivo:bet365,chat,vivo,2018,Ninth,gr:? 2018 Ninth grade history (People's Education Edition) The next lesson plan: Lesson 15 Multi-polarization trend of the world political situation Lesson 1 Download 2018 Ninth grade history (People's Education Edition) The next lesson plan: L
2018 Ninth grade history (People's Education Edition) The next lesson plan: Lesson 15 Multi-polarization trend of the world political situation Lesson 1 Download 2018 Ninth grade history (People's Education Edition) The next lesson plan: Lesson 15 The multi-polarization trend of the world political situation Lesson 1 Lesson 15 The multi-polarization trend of the world political pattern [teaching goal] 1. After the end of the bipolar pattern of knowledge and ability, the basic characteristics of the world situation: the new world pattern has not yet been formed. At present, it is a situation of “one superpower and many strong”, and the world political pattern is developing in a multi-polar direction; after the end of the “cold war”, the world It is not peaceful. The United States continues to pursue hegemonism and continue to implement its global strategic goals. The United States uses the 'NATO' to interfere in other countries' affairs at will. The Kosovo war is one of them. 2. Process and Method Peace and development are the themes of today's world. Young people should contribute to the maintenance of peace and development; regional conflicts and ethnic conflicts become factors that threaten the security of today's world.
Hegemonism exploits and intervenes in contradictions, exacerbating the world's instability; the Kosovo war is a challenge to the world's multi-polarization trend.
The Kosovo War not only caused huge losses to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, but also seriously damaged China’s sovereignty. 3. Emotional attitudes and values ??are related to historical facts and current events, and analyze the basic characteristics of the world situation after the disintegration of the bipolar pattern--the changes in the strength of the United States, the European Union, Japan, China, and Russia (National Union); using the dialectical connection between politics and economy, After analyzing the end of the bipolar pattern, the world pattern is rooted in the development of multipolarization. [teaching difficulties] 1. Focus: The multi-polarization trend of the world situation after the end of the bipolar pattern, and a correct understanding of the Kosovo war. 2. Difficulties: to understand the reasons for the multi-polarization of the world pattern and how to evaluate the excuse of “humanitarian interference”.
[Teaching points] (1) After the 'Cold War,' the world political pattern has developed in a multi-polar direction. After the end of the bipolar pattern, peace and development have become the theme of the current era. New changes have taken place in the world power comparison, and a new world pattern has not yet been formed. (2) After the 'Cold War,' hegemonism and regional conflicts still exist. On the one hand, regional conflicts, ethnic conflicts, and religious disputes have occurred from time to time, seriously affecting world peace and security; on the other hand, the United States has intervened and used these contradictions to turn them into international conflicts. The Kosovo war has had an important impact on the world pattern. Although the United States is still a superpower in the world, and the gap with other countries is still great, with the development of time, the world will certainly develop toward 'multi-polarization.' [Teaching Process] [Importing a New Lesson] (Retelling) After reviewing the situation of the bipolar pattern in the aftermath of World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union began a 'cold war' for half a century. The United States and the Soviet Union are divided into three stages, each with offensive and defensive. Their hegemony not only affected world peace, but also affected the world situation. (The teacher presents the picture, a balance with one end indicating the United States and the other end indicating the Soviet Union, telling) that their relationship is the same as that of the balance, although there is a shift, but the overall balance. After the Second World War, their confrontation lasted for half a century. This is the bipolar pattern. If one end is removed, the balance will not be able to maintain balance and the two poles will end. With the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the bipolar pattern ceased to exist. Today we will take a look at what the state of the world is like after the end of the bipolar pattern. [Telling a new lesson] 1. 'One super and many strong' 1. The end of the bipolar pattern (telling) the end of the bipolar pattern is the disintegration of the Soviet Union. So everyone recalls, when was the Soviet Union disintegrated? (Answer) (telling) At the end of 1991, there was a 69-year dissolution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. So what is the main reason for the disintegration of the Soviet Union? (Discussion, answer) (telling) Historical reasons: The Soviet Union’s long-term implementation of a highly concentrated economic and political system has serious drawbacks; policy mistakes have accumulated many social and ethnic issues. There are practical reasons: Gorbachev carried out the wrong line and policy after he took office - the political system reform that deviated from the basic principles and directions of scientific socialism. There are external reasons: the 'peaceful evolution' strategy that the West has imposed on the Soviet Union for a long time; the most fundamental reason is that the Soviet Union failed to promote the sustainable development of modern economic construction in the 69 years, leading to the imbalance of the national economy. At a disadvantage in the US-Soviet hegemony, it led to the imbalance of the two poles of power, and the once powerful Soviet Union eventually disintegrated. 2. Characteristics of the current world pattern (speaking) After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the bipolar pattern of the US-Soviet confrontation no longer exists. What is the state of the world at this time? Before that, we must first understand the specific meaning of the 'world pattern'. What do you think of the 'world pattern'? (Student discussion, answer) (telling) The world pattern refers to a relatively stable system of international relations. After the bipolar pattern, what is this relatively stable system in the world? (Student combines teaching materials and answers) (telling) The pattern of the world has evolved from a pole to a 'super-strong'. What is the meaning of 'one super'? What is “strong” and what is it? (Students combine teaching materials, answer) (telling) 'One super' is the United States, 'strong' refers to Japan, the European Union, China, Russia and other countries and national alliances. The current world pattern can be analogized to a pentagon, but one of the corners is better than the other, because the United States far surpasses other countries in terms of economic and military power. At present, the United States will remain the status of the world's only superpower, and the situation of 'one super and many strong' will continue. However, in the long run, the trend of multi-polarization of the world pattern is inevitable. 3. The roots of the development of the world pattern toward multipolarization (telling) This five-pointed star now seems to have a 'horn' power, so why is the United States in an advantage in today's world? (Thinking and Answering) (Telling) 1 After World War II, the United States became the world's number one power in the capitalist world. The traditional European-centered international relations pattern was replaced by the Yalta system in which the United States and the Soviet Union divided the sphere of influence. The United Kingdom, France and other Western countries were only the United States. The head of the horse is a vision. 2 In the military, the United States has the most powerful conventional military force and also possesses advanced nuclear and chemical weapons.
3 The United States has a strong economic power and once established the Bretton Woods system, a capitalist world currency system centered on the dollar.
4In the 1970s, due to the economic crisis caused by the oil crisis in the United States, the economy experienced 'stagflation'. However, in the mid-to-late 1980s, the US economy recovered, especially in the 1990s when the United States would be represented by the information industry. Industry as the leading industry of the economy.
At the same time, the US economy has experienced a period of low inflation and low unemployment, and the economy continues to grow.
But with the development of the power of various countries, this situation will certainly be broken, and multi-polarization is inevitable.
So what is the root of the development of the world pattern towards multipolarization? (Student group discussion, answer) (telling) The formation of a world pattern is the result of the constant growth and re-differentiation of various forces in the world, from quantitative change to qualitative change, and constitutes a relatively stable balance of power.
The disintegration of a world pattern is due to the fact that this stable balance of power has been broken and can no longer be maintained.
The trend of multi-polarization was first seen in the 1970s.
In the 1970s, the economic development of the European Community and Japan accelerated, and they caught up with or surpassed the United States in many economic fields. They were not willing to be controlled by the United States as in the past. The competition in Western Europe, Japan and the United States was fierce, and the capitalist world appeared. The three pillars of the United States, Japan, and Western Europe; the rise of the third world and play an increasingly important role in international affairs.
Consider what is the root cause of the multi-polarization trend in the world political situation? (Student thinks, discusses, answers) (telling) Because today's world-state competition is increasingly dependent on the competition of comprehensive national strength, the multi-polarization trend of the world political structure is rooted in the multi-polarization of the economic structure.
(Retelling) What is the mainstream of the international situation after the disintegration of the bipolar pattern? (Answer) (telling) Jiang Zemin’s report at the 15th National Congress of the Communist Party of China: 'Peace and development have become the theme of the current era. The world pattern is moving toward multipolarization. It is possible to strive for a longer period of international peace. .
'What is the reason? (Student discussion, answer) (telling) First, after the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the hidden dangers of the World War under the background of the US-Soviet confrontation in the bipolar pattern disappeared.
Second, after the Cold War, the relations between the world's great powers showed the characteristics of competition and dependence.
Thirdly, after the Cold War, the competition between countries and countries, from the overall confrontation between the East and the West in the political, economic, military, ideological and cultural fields during the bipolar pattern, to the science-oriented, economic-based Comprehensive national strength competition.
(Combined with the teachings on page 91 of the 'brains', organize students to discuss in groups.) The hegemonism pursued by the United States is unpopular, and the United States cannot dominate the world.
What do you think of yourself? (Every group sent representatives, answer) (telling) The strategic goal of the US to dominate the world after the war has never changed.
The development of the US global strategy after the war can be roughly divided into two stages: the Cold War period and the post-Cold War period.
The core content of the US global strategy during the Cold War era was to contain the socialist countries such as the Soviet Union and prevent the expansion of communism.
The United States’ global strategy after the Cold War is still to maintain the status of the United States as the world’s superpower and to establish a new international order dominated by the United States.
The hegemonic ambitions of the United States are still expanding, from curbing communism to trying to dominate the world with strong national power, from developing into a Western world ally to establishing a global strategic goal of 'leading' the world, from time to time using force and taking 'Unilateralism' action to carry out its own strategic will.
This practice has met with opposition from almost all countries, including major Western countries.From this perspective, the hegemonism pursued by the United States is unpopular, and the United States cannot dominate the world.
Do you think about it, is there any difference between the 'pole' of the two poles and the 'pole' of multi-polarization? (Thinking, discussing, answering) (telling) Compared with the 'polar' of the bipolar pattern, there are two major changes in the meaning of 'polar' in the multi-polarization trend: 1 'polar' in the two poles is through political and military strength. Control and manipulate other countries; and the multipolarization is called 'polar' mainly by controlling and dominating other countries through political and military means, but by virtue of comprehensive national strength, namely, science and technology, economic strength, and coordination in international affairs. Role, influence and force on other countries, regions and even the world.
2 The 'pole' in the bipolar pattern actually refers to the two superpowers of the United States and the Soviet Union; the 'polar' that constitutes multipolarity has both countries and groups of countries, such as the European Union, and in a certain sense Some of the most influential global or regional international organizations.
Second, Kosovo War (narrative) The current world peace, local wars; overall relaxation, partial tension; overall stability, partial turmoil, in many parts of the world, people are still in a state of displacement, and children are always It is not enough to eat, and every day is facing the test of life and death.
Summary, what do you think are the factors that affect world security? (Answer) (telling) the factors that threaten the security of today's world after the end of the Cold War - regional conflicts, ethnic conflicts, religious disputes, territorial disputes, local, regional, small-scale conflicts even during the Cold War Increased.
(Showing an expansionary about the Kosovo war, the United States) In order to satisfy its own interests, the United States led NATO to fight against an independent Yugoslav Federation.
What can we see from it? (Answer) (telling) The Kosovo War is a manifestation of American hegemonism.
In particular, the bombing of the Chinese Embassy in Yugoslavia has seriously damaged China’s sovereignty.
This is the United States' challenge to the multi-polarization of the world and has had an important impact on the world.
What can be seen from the U.S.-led NATO that violates the basic norms of the United Nations and conducts an armed attack on a sovereign country? (Answer) (telling) Although the performance of American hegemonism during the Cold War and after the Cold War was different, the global strategic goal of the US to dominate the world has never changed.
The essence of the so-called 'human rights above sovereignty' in the United States.
We must fully and carefully analyze the phenomenon and understand the essence through the phenomenon.
[Classroom Summary] World multi-polarization will be a long-term, tortuous process of struggle. The US-led NATO violates the basic norms of the United Nations, and the leading role of the United Nations in international affairs is seriously challenged.
This is extremely detrimental to the peace process in the world, educating young people to contribute to the maintenance of peace and development.
Teaching should focus on combining current events and enhancing students' understanding of real problems through explanations or discussions.
【Board Design】Chapter 15 The multi-polarization trend of the world political pattern 1. “One super and many strong” 1. The end of the bipolar pattern.
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